An early stage of the project involved the preparation of a literature review. The review was prepared by the Institute for Criminal Policy Research based (at the time) in Kings College of the University of London. It was edited by Dr Paul Turnbull.
The purpose of the literature review was to identify what research and academic attention had already been applied to the subject of offender case management. The review was limited (by resources) to papers which had been written in English or translated into English. As part of the fieldwork of the project correspondents from each jurisdiction were asked to provide copies of any relevant research, review, evaluation or study which had been published in their country, to add to the knowledge base.
The key findings of the literature review were: