In many jurisdictions, public protection has joined rehabilitation, reparation, humane punishment and crime prevention as a key outcome expected from correctional work. This usually requires - at the least - improved information sharing between agencies and - at best - inter-agency shared case management. A significant change is often needed in the relationship between correctional work and the police.
DOMICE was interested in those jurisdictions where arrangements had been put into place to help case managers to manage the most dangerous or prolific offenders through formal information sharing, or structured inter-agency case management.
ENGLAND and WALES - the MAPPA (Multi-Agency Public Protection Arranagements) system
makes information sharing and inter-agency working a statutory duty, placed upon the key agencies. Similar arrangements have been developed in SCOTLAND and NORTHERN IRELAND.
There are clear expectations about information sharing between correctional agencies and the police in GERMANY (some parts), ESTONIA and the CZECH REPUBLIC although none of these (yet) have a working together requirement to match those in the UK.
The implications of a new public protection emphasis are not always comfortable to those working in correctional services. Sharing information with the police and other authorities is viewed, by some, as contravening the principles of human rights and confidentiality, and inappropriate to agencies whose services are rooted in rehabilitation.
A case management approach relies upon there being a range of resources, interventions and services to which case managers may refer offenders. In many places there are insufficient of such resources, or other user groups are given priority for access to them.
DOMICE was interested in those jurisdictions where arrangements had been put in place to assist case managers to gain access to resources for offenders.
In the REPUBLIC OF IRELAND significant correctional system resources are spent commissioning local services so that access to them by offenders is guaranteed.
In NORWAY (the Re-Integration Guarantee) and DENMARK there is a clear, national protocol to ensure access to local services for released prisoners.
In SLOVENIA and DENMARK - the local municipality, rather than a correctional agency, has the responsibility for implementing release plans for discharged prisoners.
In the CZECH REPUBLIC - all case managers generate a portfolio of local services which are pledged to working in partnership with the correctional system.